(Cartoon by Marshall Ramsey of Mississippi Today)
Uproar has been voiced about the effects of the second opening of the Bonnet Carre Spillway due to dead animals and fish coming to the Mississippi Gulf Coast shore along with the lack of catch for commercial and recreational fisheries.
A team of University of Southern Mississippi (USM) researchers are working to advance the state of Mississippi’s scientific understanding and the public’s comprehension of the effects of the re-opening of Bonnet Carré Spillway on the Mississippi Sound.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers opened the spillway located in St. Charles Parish, La., for the second time in 2019 May 10 in order to reduce the risk of flooding in southeast Louisiana due to dangerous levels of sustained rainfall in the area. The spillway regulates the flow of water from the Mississippi River into Lake Pontchartrain and eventually the Gulf of Mexico. The flow of freshwater into the Mississippi Sound, which runs east to west along the Gulf Coast, has the potential to significantly impact water quality and marine life, as well as tourism and the Coast’s economy.
“The state of Mississippi has a strong and reliable partner in The University of Southern Mississippi,” Gov. Phil Bryant said. “The work of their research team will be critical in ensuring that our communities and federal government are informed of the adverse effects of the Bonnet Carré Spillway opening.”
USM researchers from its School of Ocean Science and Engineering, located at the Marine Research Center in Gulfport, the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean Springs, and the John C. Stennis Space Center in Hancock County, have begun a thorough examination of the spillway’s effects on the Mississippi Sound and will continue their work for as long as the effects are measurable and impactful.
“This work is a priority for The University of Southern Mississippi in the immediate future as USM researchers all along the Gulf Coast continue to pursue advanced understanding of this critical body of water,” said University President Rodney D. Bennett. “I am proud that USM is best positioned to lead this important work, and our efforts will reflect our significant commitment to the Mississippi Gulf Coast, as well as our responsibility to the state as a leader in public higher education and research.”
USM is coordinating research efforts with the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources (MDMR), the state’s marine resource management and regulatory agency.
“The University of Southern Mississippi houses a diverse array of scientific expertise suited to explore and understand these types of events with significant coastal impacts,” said Dr. Monty Graham, Director of USM’s School of Ocean Science and Engineering. “Specifically, we’ll be using various technologies and projects to gather data on biological resources such as oysters and crabs, monitor water quality components, use remote sensing and circulation modeling, and survey the impacts to seagrass, artificial reefs and channels.”
The University’s findings will be made publicly available and will be consistently communicated to state leaders and the general public.
“South Mississippi’s greatest resource is our Gulf, and we owe it to the people and ecosystem whose lives are directly impacted by the opening of the spillway to be transparent in our findings. Routine public updates will be provided as our analyses continues to evolve,” said Dr. Read Hendon, Associate Director for the School of Ocean Science and Engineering’s Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. “Our scientists have dedicated their lives to better understanding our local waters to help protect both the marine life and those who utilize the Gulf.”
“Our commitment to the Mississippi Gulf Coast is to help explain, and, when possible, provide solutions to the effects of the spillway’s re-opening,” Bennett said. “I am confident the depth and breadth of our faculty’s expertise will allow us to advance this critical research swiftly and provide an accurate assessment grounded in sound scientific research.”